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- 01/04/2008 13:09:34
   
Glossary of common terms
For all those who might be new to the world of crafting, or maybe even just as a refresher i've put together some common terms used in this industry that you may have heard but not known the meaning of. [size=150:nagx5uq7]A[/size:nagx5uq7] Acid Free : A term very important in scrapbooking which refers to products that are manufactured free of acid to prevent deterioration and discolouration of papers and photographs Acid Migration : This is the transfer of acid from an acidic material to either a less acidic or pH neutral material. Acid will always transfer to neutral and not the other way around. Migration will only occur when materials are in close contact with each other Archival Ink : As it's name suggests, this ink is perfect for archival projects due to it being acid free and fade resistant. This ink is also quick drying and won't bleed and, because it's acid free, it won't damage papers and photographs Archival quality : This is a term used to indicate materials which have undergone laboratory analysis to determine their acidic and buffered content is within safe levels. ATC - Artists trading card:A 3.5 inch x 2.5 inch card originally given by artiats as a sample of there works. we still do the same. They are made using all sorts mediums and techniques and are traded (swapped) not sold. You can swap one to one with someone (or 2-2 3-3 etc), you may joined themed swaps were one technique or style is picked by a host, or you can join jam swaps were you complete part of an ATC then it is passed on for others to add to it and it ends up back in your collection. They are good to send as RAK's (random act of kindness). [size=150:nagx5uq7]B[/size:nagx5uq7] Bone Folder : A bone folder (so called because they used to be made out of bone) is a tool that helps you to get a sharp edge or crease when folding paper or card. To use the bone folder, place the edge of the ruler where you want the fold line and run it along the ruler edge to give an indentation that can be used to give a neat fold. Then run the side of the bone folder right down the fold to neaten the crease. Brads : Brads are paper fasteners with two prongs at the back. They are available in a range of sizes, colours and shapes. Brayer : A brayer is a soft rubber roller which is used to create backgrounds Buffered paper : During manufacturing, a buffering agent such as calcium carbonate or magnesium bicarbonate can be added to paper to neutralize acid contaminants. Such papers have a pH of 8.5. [size=150:nagx5uq7]C[/size:nagx5uq7] Chemical Stability : Materials which are chemically stable are not easily decomposed or otherwise modified chemically which is desirable for use in preservation as it resists chemical degradation over time. Also known as archival quality Craft Knife : A craft knife is a sharp pointed knife which usually has replaceable blades ideal for precision cutting Cropping : Crop can have 2 meanings. The first is simply to trim down a photograph to a size suitable for your layout. The second meaning of crop is a gathering of scrappers who get together to work on their personal projects Cutting Mat : Self healing cutting mats are used when using a craft knife to protect the surface you're working on. They can also be used to tape stencils etc down onto to stop them from moving about while in use [size=150:nagx5uq7]D[/size:nagx5uq7] Die Cut : A method for punching or cutting out shapes usign a metal form that is called a Die. It is also a term that is used to refer to the cut out shape. Direct Inking Method : This method is when ink is applied directly to paper using the surface of the inkpad Distressing : This technique is used to make something look old and worn. It is done by a variety of methods including sanding, crumpling, inking, tearing and so on Double sided Tape : Double sided tape can either come flat like normal sticky tape or as foam for 3D work. They are used to secure papers and non-adhesive embellishments down to your chosen surface Dye Ink : This is your normal water based ink found in basic ink pads [size=150:nagx5uq7]E[/size:nagx5uq7] Embossing : Heat Embossing is a technique used in stamping to create a shiny raised image using embossing ink pads and embossing powder. Dry Embossing involves using stencils, a lightbox and an embossing tool. The stencil is placed on top of the light box, place the cardstock good side down and trace through to give a raised effect. Embossing Pad : Embossing pads can be used for both embossing and chalking techniques in stamping. Being slightly tinted so you can see where you're stamping, these pads allow for you to add colour of your choice over the top. Embossing Powder : Used in rubber stamping to provide a raised glossy effect on a stamped image. It is a fine powder that adheres to wet inks and tacky surfaces like embossing pads. When heated the powder melts leaving the glossy effect. Ephemera : Ephemera is an item that is momentary in time such as tickets, packaging, leaflets, posters etc which is used as an embellishment on a project Eyelets : These are fasteners with holes in the middle that, once attached to paper, card or fabric can have threads etc passed through the middle. They need to be secured to your chosen surface with an eyelet setting tool [size=150:nagx5uq7]F[/size:nagx5uq7] Foil : When rubbed over a tacky surface this foil which is attached to a plastic film will stick, leaving a shiny finish behind [size=150:nagx5uq7]G[/size:nagx5uq7] Glitter : Glitter are tiny metal fragments available in a huge array of colours and thicknesses to add sine and sparkle to crafting projects Gold Leaf : This is gold flakes that can either come loose or on a sheet that adheres to tacky surfaces [size=150:nagx5uq7]H[/size:nagx5uq7] Heat Gun : A heat gun is a tool that produces intense hot air allowing for projects to be heated. Mainly known for use with embossing techniques [size=150:nagx5uq7]I[/size:nagx5uq7] Instant Setter : A tool used for setting eyelets. Originally a setting tool and a hammer were used to 'close' the back of an eyelet but this tool enables you to do the same thing but quicker (and quieter!) [size=150:nagx5uq7]J[/size:nagx5uq7] Journal : This is writing on a scrapbooking layout describing the subject of the page, for instance the people or events in the photographs on the page. It can also be thoughts and sentiments about the layout [size=150:nagx5uq7]L[/size:nagx5uq7] Layering : Also known as matting, this is when you place either card or paper of increasing sizes around an image to create a frame Layout : A layout is a completed scrapbook page Lignin : Lignin is the natural bonding element which holds wood fibers together. When manufacturing scrapbooking papers the lignin is removed during processing so that the papers become safe [size=150:nagx5uq7]M[/size:nagx5uq7] Mask : A paper cut-out of either a stamped image or a template stuck temporarily down to a project surface to hide the image behind, letting you carry on with your work without touching this image. The mask is then removed again at the end Matting : Also known as layering, this is when you place either card or paper of increasing sizes around an image to create a frame. It visually seperates the image from the background and is good for using colours to compliment the image [size=150:nagx5uq7]P[/size:nagx5uq7] Page Protector : These are clear pockets or sleeves for use in scrapbooking albums to protect your finished layouts Paper Piercer : This is a long thin tool used to pierce a small hole through paper and card. Ideal for creating holes for brads Photo safe : This is a term similar to archival quality but more specific to materials used with photographs. Acid-free is the determining factor for a product to be labeled photo-safe. Pigment Ink : Pigment Ink is like a water based version of archival ink except that is slow drying and thicker so that embossing powder can stick to it. This type of ink won't dry on glossy paper Preservation : Preservation is activities that are associated with maintaining archival materials for use either in their original form or some other format Punches : Punches are tools used to cut out shapes on card and paper. They are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes [size=150:nagx5uq7]S[/size:nagx5uq7] Scoring : This is a technique used to create a clean fold down a card by using a scoring tool and a ruler to prevent creases. You can also buy scoring boards to give a more accurate result Shrink Plastic : This is a plastic sheet that you can stamp on and cut with scissors and punches before heating. Heating the plastic will cause it to shrink and thicken Stamping : Stamping is when you print an image from a range of different stamps like rubber and foam on to a surface using an ink pad Stipple : This is a technique that creates a light uneven paint effect on paper. By applying a thin layer of paint or ink onto a special stipple brush which is flat ended like a stencil brush and tapping it onto paper you create this effect [size=150:nagx5uq7]T[/size:nagx5uq7] Trimmer : A Paper trimmer allows you to cut paper and card straight and to certain lengths. Most trimmers have built in rulers so you measure out and cut exactly the length you need. [size=150:nagx5uq7]U[/size:nagx5uq7] UTEE : This stands for Ultra Thick Embossing Enamel and is a large grain embossing powder. When this powder is melted a bumpy texture is created. You can keep adding layers and heat each layer as you go which will smooth out this bumpy look and give the effect of a glazed surface. [size=150:nagx5uq7]V[/size:nagx5uq7] Vellum : The material we call vellum today is actually a translucent paper that is light grey in it's natural state. Vellum is strong and can be modelled in numerous ways without suffering any damage. Patterns can be traced onto the paper and tools used to mark it. When the paper fibres are compressed by drawing on the material with a ball tool (an embossing tool) they appear white. 90g vellums are suitable for matting and layering, 150g is a good weight for dry embossing or creating parchment craft. (The words 'parchment' and 'vellum' have become in some ways interchangable.)

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- 01/04/2008 13:10:15
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
If you have any more to add to this list, just list them here and i'll update the main thread :)

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craftytracy - 02/04/2008 15:47:15
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Amo, under embossing you are referrring to heat embossing, there is also dry embossing which is using, stencils, lightbox, embossing tool. You put a stencil on to the top of your light box, place your cardstock good side down and trace through to give a raised effect on the good side of your card.
<img src="http://i3.photobucket.com/albums/y73/crafytracy/tracy05.gif" />


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Crafting Shaz - 06/05/2008 19:12:19
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Under A ATC - Artists trading card - a 3.5 inch x 2.5 inch card originally given by artiats as a sample of there works. we still do the same. They are made using all sorts mediums and techniques and are traded (swapped) not sold. You can swap one to one with someone (or 2-2 3-3 etc), you may joined themed swaps were one technique or style is picked by a host, or you can join jam swaps were you complete part of an ATC then it is passed on for others to add to it and it ends up back in your collection. They are good to send as RAK's (random act of kindness).
[color=#FF0040:2wwmegil]Happy crafting everyone![/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s;) --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_wink.gif" alt=";)" title="Wink" /><!-- s;) -->
[color=#40BF00:2wwmegil]I would like to thank you for all the comments left on my projects. I am so busy crafting and chatting on here, I do not get time to thank each person in turn, but your comments are very much appeciated xxx[/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s:D --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_biggrin.gif" alt=":D" title="Very Happy" /><!-- s:D -->

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Crafting Shaz - 06/05/2008 19:12:19
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Under A ATC - Artists trading card - a 3.5 inch x 2.5 inch card originally given by artiats as a sample of there works. we still do the same. They are made using all sorts mediums and techniques and are traded (swapped) not sold. You can swap one to one with someone (or 2-2 3-3 etc), you may joined themed swaps were one technique or style is picked by a host, or you can join jam swaps were you complete part of an ATC then it is passed on for others to add to it and it ends up back in your collection. They are good to send as RAK's (random act of kindness).
[color=#FF0040:2wwmegil]Happy crafting everyone![/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s;) --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_wink.gif" alt=";)" title="Wink" /><!-- s;) -->
[color=#40BF00:2wwmegil]I would like to thank you for all the comments left on my projects. I am so busy crafting and chatting on here, I do not get time to thank each person in turn, but your comments are very much appeciated xxx[/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s:D --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_biggrin.gif" alt=":D" title="Very Happy" /><!-- s:D -->

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Crafting Shaz - 06/05/2008 19:12:19
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Under A ATC - Artists trading card - a 3.5 inch x 2.5 inch card originally given by artiats as a sample of there works. we still do the same. They are made using all sorts mediums and techniques and are traded (swapped) not sold. You can swap one to one with someone (or 2-2 3-3 etc), you may joined themed swaps were one technique or style is picked by a host, or you can join jam swaps were you complete part of an ATC then it is passed on for others to add to it and it ends up back in your collection. They are good to send as RAK's (random act of kindness).
[color=#FF0040:2wwmegil]Happy crafting everyone![/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s;) --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_wink.gif" alt=";)" title="Wink" /><!-- s;) -->
[color=#40BF00:2wwmegil]I would like to thank you for all the comments left on my projects. I am so busy crafting and chatting on here, I do not get time to thank each person in turn, but your comments are very much appeciated xxx[/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s:D --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_biggrin.gif" alt=":D" title="Very Happy" /><!-- s:D -->

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Crafting Shaz - 06/05/2008 19:12:19
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Under A ATC - Artists trading card - a 3.5 inch x 2.5 inch card originally given by artiats as a sample of there works. we still do the same. They are made using all sorts mediums and techniques and are traded (swapped) not sold. You can swap one to one with someone (or 2-2 3-3 etc), you may joined themed swaps were one technique or style is picked by a host, or you can join jam swaps were you complete part of an ATC then it is passed on for others to add to it and it ends up back in your collection. They are good to send as RAK's (random act of kindness).
[color=#FF0040:2wwmegil]Happy crafting everyone![/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s;) --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_wink.gif" alt=";)" title="Wink" /><!-- s;) -->
[color=#40BF00:2wwmegil]I would like to thank you for all the comments left on my projects. I am so busy crafting and chatting on here, I do not get time to thank each person in turn, but your comments are very much appeciated xxx[/color:2wwmegil] <!-- s:D --><img src="{SMILIES_PATH}/icon_e_biggrin.gif" alt=":D" title="Very Happy" /><!-- s:D -->

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- 07/05/2008 16:21:17
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Thanks Shaz :) Keep them coming, hopefully this can evolve into a nice little resource that everyone could use for reference

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Lynn Gibson - 14/05/2008 09:25:49
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Vellum The material we refer to as vellum these days is actually a paper which is translucent and has a light grey colour in its natural state.The term vellum and parchment have become, in some cases, interchangable. Because vellum is very strong, it can be modelled in numerous ways without suffering any damage. Patterns can be traced on the parchment paper and various tools are then used to mark the paper. When the paper fibres are compressed by "drawing" on the material with a ball tool (embossing tool) they appear to be white, creating your design. Pricking holes through the paper is also a popular technique. "Parchment Craft" refers to these techniques 90g vellums are suitable for matting and layering and other decorative work: however if you want to dry emboss or create a "parchment craft" design 150g is a very good weight. There are many tools available to create different decorative effects on vellum.
Life is better with a little embellishment.

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Lynn Gibson - 14/05/2008 09:25:49
   
Re: Glossary of common terms
Vellum The material we refer to as vellum these days is actually a paper which is translucent and has a light grey colour in its natural state.The term vellum and parchment have become, in some cases, interchangable. Because vellum is very strong, it can be modelled in numerous ways without suffering any damage. Patterns can be traced on the parchment paper and various tools are then used to mark the paper. When the paper fibres are compressed by "drawing" on the material with a ball tool (embossing tool) they appear to be white, creating your design. Pricking holes through the paper is also a popular technique. "Parchment Craft" refers to these techniques 90g vellums are suitable for matting and layering and other decorative work: however if you want to dry emboss or create a "parchment craft" design 150g is a very good weight. There are many tools available to create different decorative effects on vellum.
Life is better with a little embellishment.

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